I’ve been debating an atheist of the “New Atheist” variety over on Facebook. In the context of our discussion, a question occurred to me:
Assume for a moment the validity of materialist evolutionary cosmology. If over billions and billions of evolutionary years, natural selection has (so far as we can discover) eliminated biological life in every corner of the cosmos except one fleck of dust we happen to call home, and if the total elimination of all life at some future point is scientifically inevitable, why on earth (!) would natural selection favor the survival of our (or any) species? How could we possibly make the fantastic claim that the cosmos, in any sense, exists for our species (i.e., the processes of nature in some sense work in our favor)?